When people hear they need a prescription lens to see more clearly, most automatically think of having to wear glasses. Fortunately, contact lenses can provide the prescription patients need while being discreet. Prescription contact lenses are thin, curved lenses in the shape of small disks that rest on the tear film of a person's eyes.Prescription…
What Is the Latest Treatment for Cataracts?
Cataract treatment options have improved a lot in the past few decades, and there are now more ways to go about treating the condition. The current treatment options for cataracts include surgical and non-surgical options aimed at improving vision deterioration.
Cataract treatment options
The early stages of cataract treatments are aimed at improving the quality of the patient’s vision. People tend to experience blurry or cloudy vision when they have cataracts. Other symptoms include double vision, poor vision in the dark, light sensitivity, changes to current eyewear prescription, and double vision.
Some of these symptoms can be improved with eyewear like magnifying lenses, sunglasses, and a new prescription for eyeglasses. Even simple things like repositioning lights can help to deal with some symptoms. A doctor might recommend wearing a hat outdoors along with a pair of shades to protect the patient’s eyes from sunlight and prevent their condition from getting worse.
Surgical treatments for cataracts might be recommended when changes to a person’s vision begin to interfere with their ability to perform everyday activities like watching TV or driving.
Surgical cataract treatments typically involve removing the clouded lens from the patient’s eyes and replacing it with artificial eyes. Optometrists often recommend cataract surgery when a patient’s vision is 20/40 or worse. Vision this poor impacts a person’s daily activities and occupational performance.
If both of a patient’s eyes are affected by surgery, each eye is operated on separately to minimize the risk of complications. The surgery is an outpatient procedure that involves using a local anesthetic. Patients might be advised to wear a night guard patch to protect the eye operated on during sleep.
The most cutting-edge treatments used to treat cataracts include:
- Phacoemulsification: This is the most commonly used procedure to remove cataracts. It involves using an ultrasonic device that vibrates into the eye via a small incision. The waves caused by the vibration break up the lens of the eye so it can be removed via suction. An artificial lens is then inserted into the eye. A single stitch might be used to close the eye
- Extracapsular cataract surgery: This is a lot like phacoemulsification, but it requires making a larger incision so the lens is taken out in one piece. The larger incision requires more stitches to close the eye after the operation, and it is more likely to lead to complications like induced astigmatism
- Intracapsular cataract surgery: This is a rare procedure that involves removing the lens and the capsule via a large incision. This treatment is only recommended for advanced cataracts
Frequently asked questions about cataracts treatment
Time to answer some of the inquiries you might have regarding cataracts treatment:
1. What are cataracts?
Cataracts are a disorder that affects the lens of your eye. The lens is responsible for focusing light onto the retina, and over time, cataracts can cause the lens to become cloudy or opaque. This can lead to decreased vision and, in severe cases, blindness.
2. What causes cataracts?
Several different factors can contribute to the development of cataracts, including aging, diabetes, smoking, and prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. In most cases, cataracts develop slowly and painlessly over time.
3. How are cataracts treated?
Cataracts are typically treated with surgery. The cloudy lens is eliminated and replaced with a clear artificial lens during surgery. Surgery is usually very successful in restoring vision.
4. How can I prevent cataracts?
You can do various things to help reduce your risk of developing cataracts, including wearing sunglasses or other protective eyewear when outdoors, quitting smoking, and managing diabetes.
5. What are the symptoms of cataracts?
The most widespread symptom of cataracts is blurry vision. Other symptoms can include difficulty seeing at night, halos around lights, and poor vision in dim lighting. If you encounter any of these symptoms, it is crucial to see an eye doctor for an evaluation.
6. When should I see an eye doctor?
If you’re experiencing any symptoms of cataracts, it is essential to see an eye doctor for an evaluation. Your doctor can determine if cataracts are the cause of your symptoms and recommend treatment.
7. Can cataracts be cured?
Cataracts cannot be cured, but they can be treated with surgery. Surgery is usually very successful in restoring vision.
We can help to restore your vision
Cataracts can be managed with non-surgical treatments in the early stages, and surgical treatments can be used to remove your cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial lens. Surgical treatments are recommended when the vision impairment caused by cataracts starts to interfere with daily activities. Call or visit our Mt Vernon clinic to set up an appointment with our optometrist.
Check out what others are saying about our services on Yelp: Read our Yelp reviews.
While many people are content wearing glasses, others prefer a more discreet option that does not require lenses and frames on their face -- though it might require contact lens exams. Contact lens exams consist of special tests that are typically not part of a routine eye exam for prescription glasses. A contact lens exam…
It is vital for those who wear eyeglasses and contact lenses to know how to properly care for their eyewear. The following are some of the most frequently asked questions that patients have regarding glasses and contacts.Eyeglass and contact lens prescriptions are vastly different, and one cannot be substituted for the other. Patients will need…
One aspect of wearing glasses that people are not always fond of is having to switch them out for a pair of sunglasses throughout the day; so, instead of needing two pairs of glasses, consider transition lenses. Transition lenses, also known as photochromic lenses, have the ability to brighten or darken when in contact with…